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of America. Any modification or sale of the information herein is strictly
prohibited by the laws governing that copyright. However permission is
given to distribute this information as public domain granted this disclaimer
remains attached. Please direct questions regarding interpretation of the
following, or information on how to receive the current BCA "Billiards
- The Official Rules and Records book" to the Billiard Congress of America
[Standardized World Rules 1995]
Except when clearly contradicted by these additional rules, the General
Rules of Pocket Billiards apply.
1.1. OBJECT OF THE GAME. 14.1 is a nomination game. The player
must nominate a ball and a pocket. The player is awarded one point for
every correctly nominated and pocketed ball on a legal stroke, and is allowed
to continue his turn until he either fails to pocket a nominated ball or
commits a foul. The player can pocket the first 14 balls, but before he
can continue his turn by shooting at the 15th (and last remaining) ball
on the table, the 14 pocketed balls are racked as before, except with the
apex space vacant. The player then attempts to pocket the 15th ball in
a manner so that the racked balls are disturbed and he can continue his
The player who scores the predetermined point total for a game (usually
150 in major tournament play or any agreed upon total in casual play) prior
to his opponent, wins the game.
2. PLAYERS. 2, or 2 teams.
3. BALLS USED. Standard set of object balls numbered 1-15, plus
4. THE RACK. Standard triangle rack with the apex ball on the foot
spot, 1-ball on the racker's right corner, 5-ball on left corner. Other
balls are placed at random and must touch their neighbors.
5. SCORING. Any ball legally pocketed counts one point for the shooter.
6. OPENING BREAK. Starting player must either (1) designate a ball
and a pocket into which that ball will be pocketed and accomplish the shot,
or (2) cause the cue ball to contact a ball and then a cushion, plus cause
two object balls to contact a cushion. Failure to meet at least one of
the above requirements is a breaking violation. Offender's score is assessed
a two point penalty for each breaking violation. In addition, the opponent
has the choice of (1) accepting the table in position, or (2) having the
balls reracked and requiring the offending player to repeat the opening
break. That choice continues until the opening break is not a breaking
violation, or until the opponent accepts the table in position. The three
successive fouls rule does not apply to breaking violations.
If the starting player scratches on a legal opening break, he is charged
with a foul and assessed a one point penalty, which applies toward the
"Successive Fouls Penalties." The incoming player is awarded cue ball in
hand behind the head string, with object balls in position.
7. RULES OF PLAY.
A legally pocketed ball entitles a shooter to continue at the table until
he fails to legally pocket a called ball on a shot. A player may shoot
any ball he chooses, but before he shoots, must designate the called ball
and called pocket. He need not indicate any detail such as kisses, caroms,
combinations, or cushions (all of which are legal). any additionally pocketed
ball(s) on a legal stroke is scored as one point for the shooter.
On all shots, a player must cause the cue ball to contact an object ball
and then (1) pocket a numbered ball, or (2) cause the cue ball or any numbered
ball to contact a cushion. Failure to meet these requirements is a foul.
When an object ball is not frozen to a cushion, but is within a ball's
width of a cushion (referee to determine by measurement if necessary),
a player is permitted only two consecutive legal safeties on that ball
using only the near rail. If such safety play is employed, that object
ball is then considered frozen to the rail on the player's next inning.
The General Rules of Pocket Billiards "Frozen
Balls" requirements apply if the player chooses to make his first cue ball
contact with that object ball on his third shot.
(Note: If a player has committed a foul on the shot immediately before
or the shot immediately after playing this ball, then he must immediately
meet the requirements of the "Frozen Ball" rule when playing this object
ball. Also, if he has committed two consecutive fouls, he must immediately
meet the requirements of the "Frozen Ball" rule when playing this object
ball. If such player fails to meet the requirements of the "Frozen Ball"
rule, he is considered to have committed a third successive foul and the
appropriate point penalty is assessed as well as one point for each of
the previous fouls. All fifteen balls are then reracked and the player
committing the infraction is required to break as at the beginning of the
When the fourteenth ball of a rack is pocketed, play stops momentarily
with the fifteenth ball remaining in position on the table; the fourteen
pocketed balls are then racked (with the space at the foot spot vacant
in the triangle). Player then continues, normally pocketing the fifteenth
(or "break" ball) in such manner as to have the cue ball carom into the
rack and spread the balls to facilitate the continuance of his run. However,
player is not compelled to shoot the fifteenth ball; he may shoot any ball
A player may call a safety rather than an object ball (for defensive purposes).
Safety play is legal, but must comply with all applicable rules. Player's
inning ends when a safety is played, and pocketed balls are not scored.
Any object ball pocketed on a called safety is spotted.
A player may not catch, touch, or in any way interfere with a ball as it
travels toward a pocket or the rack area on a shot (to include catching
a ball as it enters a pocket by having a hand in the pocket). If he does,
he is charged with a special "deliberate foul" and is penalized one point
for the foul and an additional fifteen point penalty, for a total of sixteen
points. The incoming player then has choice of (1) accepting the table
in position with the cue ball in hand behind the head string, or (2) having
all fifteen balls reracked and requiring the offending player to shoot
under the requirements of the opening break.
If the fifteenth (unpocketed) ball of a rack and/or the cue ball interferes
with the triangle being lowered straight down into position for racking,
refer to the diagram , which indicates the proper manner of relocating
balls. (The lined out boxes are those situations in which there is no interference,
both balls remain in position.)
When a player has the cue ball in hand behind the head string (as after
a scratch) and all object balls are behind the head string, the object
ball nearest the head string may be spotted at his request. If two or more
balls are an equal distance from the head string, the player may designate
which of the equidistant balls he desires to have spotted.
8. ILLEGALLY POCKETED BALLS. All spotted. No penalty.
9. OBJECT BALLS JUMPED OFF THE TABLE. The stroke is a foul. Any
jumped ball(s) is spotted after the balls come to rest.
10. CUE BALL AFTER JUMPING OFF THE TABLE OR SCRATCH. Incoming player
has cue ball in hand behind the head string, unless the provision of Rule
of Play 7.2., 7.5. or 12." (below) apply to the offender's foul and dictate
alternate choices or procedures.
11. PENALTIES FOR FOULS. One point deducted for each foul; NOTE:
more severe penalties for deliberate fouls (Rule of Play 7.5.) and third
"Successive Fouls" (12. below). Incoming player accepts cue ball in position
unless foul was a jumped cue ball, pocket scratch, deliberate foul (Rule
of Play 7.5.) or third successive foul.
12. SUCCESSIVE FOUL PENALTIES. When a player commits a foul, he
is penalized one point (or more as appropriate) and a notation is made
and posted by the scorer that he is "on a foul." The player remains "on
a foul" until his next shot attempt, at which time he may remove the foul
by successfully pocketing a called ball, or completing a legal safety.
If he fails to meet these requirements on his next turn at the table, he
is penalized one point. The notation is changed to "on two fouls." If he
fails to meet the requirements of successfully pocketing a called ball
or completing a legal safety on his third consecutive turn at the table,
a penalty of fifteen points is assessed.
The commission of a third successive foul automatically clears the offender's
record of fouls.
All balls are then reracked and the player committing the infraction is
required to break as at the beginning of the game. Rules for the opening
It should be emphasized that successive fouls must be committed in successive
turns (or playing attempts), not merely in successive innings. For example,
if a player ends inning 6 with a foul, steps to the table for inning 7
and fouls (he is "on two fouls"), and then starts inning 8 with a legally
pocketed ball before scratching on his second shot attempt of the inning,
he has not committed three successive fouls, even though there were fouls
in three successive innings. As soon as he legally pocketed the ball to
start inning 8, he cleared the two fouls. he is, of course, "on one foul"
when he plays the first stroke attempt of inning 9.
13. SCORING NOTE. The deduction of penalty points can result in
negative scores. A running score can read "minus one," "minus two," "minus
fifteen," etc. (a player can win a game with a score of 150 while his opponent
has scored but two fouls. The final score would read 150 to -2.)
If a player fouls on a shot that has not pocketed a ball, the point penalty
is deducted from his score at the end of the previous inning. If a player
fouls and pockets a ball on the same shot, that ball is spotted (not scored)
and the point penalty is deducted from his score at the end of the previous